You might not be able to avoid a SHTF scenario, but the tips below can help you to survive it.
***Lessons in Survival***
How to Build a High Volume Water Filter
A high volume water filter is an essential for any prepper. Since buying these can get incredibly expensive, I’m going to show you how to build one yourself. It’s so easy, ah, never mind. Some survivalists believe that sand or clay filters are sufficient, but they are not capable of removing harmful bacteria. I tend to prefer my water sans nasty bacteria. Ceramic filter elements are the way to go, and they can be purchased individually online (just Google ‘white ceramic filter elements for sale’). You can find them for about $40 each. You’ll need 2-4 of them depending on how long you are willing to wait for filtered water. More filters means less waiting.
Here’s what you need:
- 4 five-gallon food grade buckets
- 2-4 ceramic filter element
Step 1: You can start by drilling 2-4 holes in the bottom of one of the buckets. These holes should be near the center of the bucket. The number of holes must equal the number of filter elements you plan on using (guessin’ you figured that out already). The holes need to be 2 inches from each other and at least one-and-a-half inch from the outside edge of the bucket.
Step 2: Cover one of the buckets with tightly woven cloth for use as a prefilter (a t-shirt will work in a pinch). This is important if you plan on filtering pond or river water, and it will greatly extend the life of your filters.
Step 3: Place the filter elements in the holes that you drilled in step 1. Be sure to tighten the nuts enough to compress the O-rings and thereby create a proper seal.
Step 4: Cut a seven-and-a-half inch diameter hole in one of the bucket covers.
Step 5: Assembly. Place the lid with the hole on one of the buckets. This will be the bottom of the filter and the collection reservoir. Place the bucket with the filter elements on top of the collection bucket.
Step 6: Use. Fill one of the 4 buckets with water from any available source. Pour the contents into the prefilter bucket. Remove the tightly woven cloth and pour the contents into the filter element bucket. Now would be a good time to take a nap or read a book for a while. Even with 4 filter elements the filtration process can take a while, but it’s worth the wait! Once the collection bucket is full you can use or store the wonderful thirst quenching lifesaver any way you see fit.
From: "How to Survive the End of Tte World As We Know It" by James Wesley, Rawles.
Animal Care during a Disaster
If you are reading this, then you are like the millions of us pet owners who consider our pets to be important members of our families. Unfortunately, animals are often over looked in high panic, high stress situations. The better you plan now, the better the chances you and your animals have to survive a disaster situation.
Most emergency preparation is standard for any situation. You should assemble a basic animal emergency supply kit and design a pet care system that may involve neighbors who also have animals. Involving others can help ensure an extra set of hands and eyes when needed. Consider your own personal emergency plans. Are you planning on staying put? Will you be evacuating to a safer location? Your animals will need to be included in this plan. They should also be involved in any test runs to ensure they are used to the mode of travel, and easy to handle when the time comes.
If you do evacuate your home, DON’T LEAVE YOUR ANIMALS! They rely on you to live during normal circumstances; chances are they will not be able to survive on their own. Domesticated animals show a very low survival rate during emergency situations when abandoned by their owners.
Okay, so what can you do to start planning for your animals if you decide to evacuate?
· Prepare your shelter plan – Due to health code restrictions, most shelters DO NOT allow animals of any kind. Do your research in advance and find out which hotels or motels in your area will allow pets during an emergency. Some places which normally do not allow animals will change their policy during an emergency.
· Add your local animal shelter’s phone number to your emergency contact list - They will be handling and managing the local animals and will have the current information you need for your area during a disaster. Some animal shelters will provide assistance directly; find out in advance if yours does.
· Put together an animal “bug out bag” – Your pet will need food, clean water, medications, vet records, dishes for feeding, a can opener, litter and box, and any other supplies used on a daily basis. Think about what your animal will need in advance, you may not be able to come by these resources during a disaster.
· Update I.D. tags – If your pet has an old I.D. tag, the outdated information will not help if you are separated from your animals. To ensure a quick return to you after or during a disaster, make sure your contact information on their I.D. tag is up to date.
· Keep a current photo of your pet – Take the extra precaution in case your animals I.D. is lost or removed during a disaster. This extra step can help when ownership is in question and can also provide a photo for posters if necessary.
· Plan the animals transport in advance – Have a secure, properly sized pet carrier around and easy to get to. Make sure you have an extra leash or harness handy to ensure you can handle them at all times. Lastly, consider running evacuation drills or tests to increase your pets comfort in the process. The easier they are to handle during an emergency, the quicker your pet and your family can “bug out.”
Care for Large Animals
If you have large animals such as horses, pigs, sheep, cattle or goats on your property, make sure to design a preparation plan for them. Most large animals are left behind or turned loose during a disaster. As the animal’s owner, only you can know what is best for your animal. If your animal will not survive on its own, it is your responsibility to make preparations. If you board at a stable, make sure your stable owner has a plan. Let them know that you want to be included in your animal’s emergency plan. Whether you board or have your animal on your own property, you can do the following to help prepare for an emergency.
· Evacuate animals when possible – Get your animal out of harm’s way whenever possible. Make a primary and secondary evacuation plan. Many times emergency situations can surprise even the most prepared. Having a backup plan will increase your animals survival chances by providing an alternative if your primary plan becomes impossible.
· I.D. – Most large animals don’t have I.D. tags. This is a huge oversight, especially when the last resort is to turn the animals loose to fend for themselves. Consider making or purchasing attachable I.D. tags that you can easily put on your animal during an emergency. Keep the information on these tags up to date to ensure a speedy return to you.
· Transportation – Design your transportation plan to include the vehicles and trailers necessary to transport your large animals. You will also need to consider the amount of drivers and handlers necessary. Including neighbors or close friends and family in your plans can help ensure you have the necessary man power to properly handle your animals in an emergency.
· Destination Prep – Does your destination have food, water, medical care and handling equipment? If not you will need to provide your own and include it in your supplies plan.
· Turn Loose – Under the worst circumstances you may not be able to evacuate your animals. As the owner, you must make the tough choice whether to attempt moving them or turning them loose. If you do turn them loose, consider the attachable I.D. tag as a form of identification. If your animal is found after the disaster, it can be returned to you through this I.D. tag. Of course nobody likes thinking about this option, but planning for it can make possible a reunion for you and your large animal after an emergency.
· Find pet-friendly hotels, motels, campgrounds and other options throughout the United States and Canada here: http://www.gopetfriendly.com/
Fuel Storage 101: The Basics
Every day we rely on fuel to maintain our lifestyles. When an emergency takes place, our dependency on fuel is brought to light rapidly. Creating a fuel storage plan can help ensure you can maintain warmth, cook food and power essential tools such as generators and appliances. Fuel storage can often be over simplified into merely gas. Gas is only one source of fuel. Consider all these sources of fuel below, and how they would help you during an emergency.
Firewood – The most basic source of fuel there is, but often forgotten when preparing for disaster. Depending on where you live, gathering wood is easy and inexpensive. Many people believe that firewood is the greatest self-sustainable advantage of living off the grid. Firewood is also the only source of fuel that generates useful bi-products. Firewood can be made into charcoal and its ashes can also be used for gardening or in the compost pile.
Propane – Propane is a 2nd favorite to Firewood due to the fact that it is widely available, easy to use and it will last indefinitely. Propane is already used in many off-grid areas as an alternative to electricity or natural gas. All of this makes propane a top choice for emergency fuel storage. There are even cars now that can run on this fuel source!
Kerosene – Kerosene is almost never mentioned when talking about fuel storage. However this fuel source stores for long periods of time with less evaporation than gasoline. Some people choose to add stabilizers to this type of fuel, but it is not necessary. Most people aren’t aware, but a diesel car or truck will run on kerosene. There are also appliances such as refrigerators and stoves that are built to run on kerosene. This versatile fuel should be part of any good fuel storage plan.
Solar Power – Utilizing the sun’s power for energy is growing in popularity over the last few years. Although storage is still costly, the price might be well worth it considering what you can do with stored electricity. There are a ton of solar products on the market these days that can make your life much easier when dealing with a fuel crisis. Consider doing some research to see if this option works for your plan.
Gasoline – Due to the additives that are added to gasoline during the refining process, its shelf life is greatly diminished. Average shelf life for gasoline is roughly one year if stored properly. You will more than likely need a stabilizer such as Sta-bil to preserve the gasoline while stored. Gasoline can also deplete in storage due to heat or moisture. In addition to these challenges gasoline can be illegal to store above ground in some areas and it can pose health and environmental issues. When storing gasoline please follow basic safety guidelines to ensure you and your family are safe around the storage area.
Diesel Fuel – Diesel fuel lasts much longer in storage than regular gasoline and it is much safer to store for long periods of time due to the fact that it is hard to ignite. There are 2 types of diesel fuel out there and available. Type #1 is old fashioned yellow kerosene. Type #2 is the same thing as home heating oil. There are a few issues with storing diesel fuel that are often overlooked. This fuel tends to absorb moisture from the air and it also can develop a sludge buildup that will ruin the fuel. A diesel version of Sta-bil is available to help address these problems.
Now that you have some basic fuel storage knowledge, start researching what types of fuel you will need during an emergency. You will also want to evaluate what you think you will use so you know how much of each fuel source you should acquire and store. Fuel will be a highly sought after resource in the case of an emergency. Being prepared with plenty of it on hand ensures that you can focus on more important things, like feeding your family and keeping them safe.www.shtf-prep.com
Survival Basics for Common People (you and me)
When catastrophe or natural disaster strike shock is always the first reaction. Shock can impair your judgement and hinder your ability to survive under extreme conditions. In order for you to make it through you need to set a list of priorities and follow it.
- Locate and account for all members of your family.
- Find safe, warm shelter.
- Locate and group any resources you can find that will help you eat or stay warm.
- Find dry or warm clothing for yourself and your group.
- Be aware of your surroundings at all times, including strangers in the area. People may need help, but they may also be after your resources.
When you prioritize and focus your efforts you increase your chances for survival. This list is a basic idea of what you will need to do in case of an emergency. Each person’s list will be different depending on the situation at hand, and their environment. It is important to remember that not one plan works for all people in all corners of the earth. Evaluate your surroundings, consider your possible threats and plan accordingly. Families on the West Coast probably don’t need to plan for a Hurricane, but should be aware of the potential for Earthquakes. When making a plan, it is important to include the members of your family or group. The more people that know the plan, the smoother things will go when it counts. Once the basic survival tasks have been covered, it is important for you to rest up. The shock will have worn you down and it is important to recover your energy.